a) Varieties released
|Mango||Manjeera, KMH-1, Neeleshan, Neeluddin, Neelgoa, Swarna, Jehangir, AU Rumani|
|Acid lime||Balaji, Petlur selection-1|
|Banana||Kovvur Bontha (cooking type)|
|Guava||SafedJam, Kohir Safeda|
|Elephant foot yam||Gajendra|
|Sweet potato||Samrat, Kiran, RNSP-1|
|Coconut||Godavari Ganga, Double Century, Gouthami Ganga, Kera Bastar, Kalpa Pratibha|
|Cashew||BPP -1, BPP-2, BPP -3, BPP -4, BPP -5, BPP -6, BPP -8, BPP -9|
|Brinjal||Bhagyamati, Gulabi, Shyamala|
|Dolichos bean||RND -1|
|Cooking melon||RNSM – 1, RNSM – 2, RNSM – 3|
|Amaranthus||RNA - 1|
|Pumpkin||APR – 1|
|Tomato||RNTH – 1|
|Chillies||G1, G2, G3, G4 (Bhagyalakshmi), G5 (Andhra Jyothi), CA–960 (Sindhur), LCA-200(Kiran),|
|LCA-1068 (Aparna). LCA–235 (Bhaskar), LCA-206 (Prakash), LCA-305 (Lam 305)|
|LCA-334 (Lam 334), LCA-353|
|Coriander||Sindhu, Sadhana, Swathi, Sudha, APHU-Dhaniya-1|
|Fennel||Lam Selection-1, Lam Selection-2|
|Fenugreek||Lam Selection 1|
|Ajowan||Lam Selection 1|
|Turmeric||KTS-3 (CV 21A)|
Varieties/Hybrids released during 2017
· High yielding, cluster bearing bold nut type (Nut Weight 8.1 gram) with highest shelling percentage (29.3%)
· Kernels show the export grade of W 210.
· Average nut yield per tree is 20.89 kg
· This variety shows the medium in pest incidence and also less susceptible to foliage, flower and nut feeding pests.
· The percentage of hermaphrodite flowers 55.21 % with early bi sexual phase.
· Early and regular bearing cluster type which escapes drought/moisture stress during flowering and fruiting phase.
· Suitable for high density planting due to compact panicle.
· Nut weight is medium (6.8 gram) with high shelling percentage (28.5%). The kernel count shows export grade of W240.
· Average nut yield per tree is 17.2 kg
· This variety shows the medium in pest incidence and also less susceptible to foliage, flower and nut feeding pests.
3. BETELVIE VARIETY: SWARNA KAPOORI
· Highly vigorous with profuse branching and more number of laterals.
· Leaves are large, smooth, light green in color with long petioles and good quality suitable for export.
· Swarna Kapoori variety gives leaf yield of 53,820 panthas/ha.
· 20-25 % higher leaf yield than the local varieties
· Moderately susceptible to Phytopthora foot rot.
· Best male parent in hybridization programme with continuous flowering throughout the year.
9. SUGUNA (LCC-236)
· The plants grow to a height of 50-60 cm, with profuse primary and secondary branches and umbels.
· The variety is identified for release at national level.
· This variety suitable for Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh which performs better than existing varieties. It is widely adaptable across the country and suitable for cultivation both under rainfed and irrigated conditions.
· It is a medium duration variety with 85-100 days duration. It gives an yield of 8 to 14 quintals per hectare under rainfed conditions and 12 to 22 quintals under irrigated conditions.
· The grains contain high volatile oil content (0.5 %). It gives herb yield of 15-18 tonnes per hectare in rabi. It is moderately resistant to powdery mildew, the major disease in the crop.
· The variety has yield advantage of 15-25 % over the popular cultivars Sudha and APHU Dhania-1 which are under cultivation.
10. SURUCHI (LCC-234)
· It is a variety suitable for herb production and suitable for growing in regular and off-seaon (under shadenet). The herb can be harvested between 35 to 55 days.
· The variety gives an average yield of 3.5-4.5 t/ha greens in off-season (summer) under 50-75% shadenet. It gives a herb yield of 15 – 18 t/ha in rabi season.
· The variety has volatile herb oil content of 0.15% and leaf essential oil content of 0.032%.
· It has a very good aroma, comparable to traditional variety Sadhana and better than cilantro types grown commercially.
· The variety when cultivated under shadenet, has the yield advantage of 15-30 % over the existing leafy variety Sadhana.
11. SUSTHIRA (LCC-219)
· The plants are taller and grow to a height of 60-70 cm, with profuse primary and secondary branches and umbels.
· The variety is identified for release at national level. This variety is suitable for Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu.
· It is a medium duration variety with 85-100 days duration. It is gives stable yield under rainfed conditions and tolerates terminal moisture stress.
· It gives an yield of 12 to 15 quintals per hectare under rainfed conditions and 12 to 18 quintals under irrigated conditions.
· The grains contain high volatile oil content (0.6 %). The variety has yield advantage of 15-25 % over the popular cultivars Sudha and APHU Dhania-1 under normal conditions, whereas 20-30 % under moisture stress conditions.
12. LAM METHI-2 (LFC-84)
· It is a high yielding variety which grows up to 50 cm with profuse bearingIt is a medium duration which comes to maturity in 80 to 90 days.
· It gives an average yield of 7 to 9 quintals per hectare under rainfed conditions and 12.0 to 15.0 quintals under irrigated conditions. It has higher diosgenin content (0.45% to 0.83%).
· Grains are flat, rectangular shaped with attractive brown colour having better market acceptance. The variety tolerates terminal moisture stress.
· The variety has yield advantage of 30-35 % over the existing Lam Selection-1 variety.
13. LAM METHI-3 (LFC-103)
· It is a high yielding variety which grows up to 50 cm with profuse bearing. It is a medium duration which comes to maturity in 90 to 95 days.
· The variety is identified for release at national level. It is suitable for Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. It gives an average yield of 7 to 9 quintals per hectare under rainfed conditions and 12.0 to 19.0 quintals under irrigated conditions.
· It has higher diosgenin content (0.72%). Grains with attractive brown colour having better market acceptance. The variety suitable for both rainfed and irrigated cultivation.
· It tolerates dry root rot in field conditions. The variety has yield advantage of 30-35 % over the existing Lam Selection-1 variety.
14. LAM AJOWAN-2 (LTa-26)
· The plants grow up to 1 meter height with profuse branching and flowering.
· It is a high yielding variety suitable for rainfed conditions of Andhra Pradesh, which performs better than existing desavali varieties with an yield advantage of 20 % to 66%.
· It is a long duration variety under rainfed situation of Andhra Pradesh, which comes to maturity in 145 to 175 days.
· The variety is suitable for late Kharif planting. It gives an average yield of 6 to 13 quintals per hectare under rainfed conditions and 12.0 to 15.0 quintals under irrigated conditions.
· It has higher essential oil content (3% to 4%) with intense flavor, aroma and pungency. It tolerates moisture stress better under rainfed conditions.
· The variety in kharif season, depending on the prevailing weather conditions, has an yield advantage of 30-60% over LS-1 and other indigenous types.
15. Colocasia (KCS-3) : Godavari chema
· Early maturing high yielding variety with duration of 5-51/2 months.
· The cormels are round, bold and attractive. It can grown in all the three seasons in Andhra Pradesh i.e, kharif , rabi, and summer.
· It is recommended to grow as pure crop and also as inter crop in banana and coconut plantations with 18-20 t/ha of yield
· It is less susceptible to phytophthora leaf blight disease compared to local varieties.
16. Banana (KBS-5): Godavari Bontha
· It is a culinary variety and comparatively high yielder than Kovvur Bontha with 8-9 hands and 90-100 fingers per bunch.
· It can be grown as pure crop and also as inter crop in coconut Orchards.
· The bunch weight is 23-24 kg.
· It is tolerant to thrips and aphids and moderately resistant to leaf spot diseases.
17. Turmeric (KTS-3): Lavanya
· A high yielding long duration variety with an yield potential of 55-65 t/ha raw rhizome yield.
· The rhizomes are attractive yellow colour with a curing percentage of 20%. It is moderate in curcumin (3-3.2%) content with 55-65 t/ha of yield
· It is tolerant to leaf spot, leaf blotch and rhizome rot.
18. Thettu Tamarind
19. Gauthami Ganga
· Dwarf stature (5.12 mts at 22 yrs) and early bearing comes to flowering in 36 months after planting.
· Higher quantity and quality of tender nut water and copra content ie., 59 and 26 % over East Coast Tall.
· Yields 85 to 94 nuts/palm/year with copra content of 157 g /nut and oil content of 69 % with tender nut water of 447 ml with TSS-7.2 0Brix and Potassium content of 2035 ppm.
· It has good combining ability useful for crossing programmes for production of new hybrids.
20. Vynateya Ganga (PHOT x GBGD)
· It is a tall x dwarf hybrid (Philippines Ordinary Tall x Gangabondam Green Dwarf).
· Semi tall hybrid, precocious comes to bearing in 48 months after planting. It is a dual purpose hybrid for yield (copra & oil) and tender nut water.
· Increased nut yield of 47 and 7, copra output of 119 and 22, oil yield of 120 and 17 and tender coconut water content of 23 and 17 percent over local check (ECT) and hybrid check (ECT X GBGD) respectively.
· Yields average nut yield of 118/palm/year with copra content of 190.50 g/nut and oil content of 66 %. High quantity of tender nut water (357 ml) with TSS-7.0 0Brix.
· Moderately resistant to Ganoderma, bud rot and stem bleeding diseases.
21. Abhaya Ganga (GBGD x LCOT)
· It is a dwarf x tall cross between Gangabondam green dwarf as female parent and Laccadive Ordinary tall as male parent.
· Semi Tall hybrid, early bearing comes to flowering in 38 to 40 months after planting. Highest oil content 72%.
· Recorded an increase in nut yield by 54, copra output by 95 and oil yield by 65 percent tender nut water content by 24 percent over local check (ECT) and 17, 10, 29 and 13.3 percent respectively over hybrid check (ECT X GBGD).
· The mean nut yield/palm/year was 136 with copra content of 170 g and oil content of 72 %
· Moderately resistant to bud rot disease.
22. Acid lime Petlur Selection -1
· It is a cluster bearer and high yielder than local varieties.
· It is tolerance to bacterial canker disease.
· Recorded high juice percentage (55.8%), high citric acid (7.3 mg/100g) in fruits than other released varieties.
· Found to be adoptable to climatic conditions in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
· Yields high during summer season (210 to 220 kg fruits/Plant/Year).
23. Cassava: PDP CMR-1
· Completely resistant to cassava mosaic disease (CMD)
· Drought tolerant
· Tolerant to sucking pests
· Semi spreading nature suitable to dense planting.
· Medium duration crop with 8 to 9 months
· Yield potential: 43 to 46 t/ha
· Starch content : 24-26%
b) Agro Techniques Developed
c) Plant Protection
1.Banana dual purpose tetraploid hybrid, FHIA and Yangambi Km-5 are identified resistant to panama wilt.
2.Balaji variety of acid lime is identified canker tolerant selection
3.Sweet orange accessions RGPL Brazil and RGPL Texas are tolerant to dry root rot and can be profitable used as rootstocks.
4.Standardized ELISA based diagnostic protocols for banana bract virus and Ganoderma disease in coconut.
5.Developed IPM technologies for the management of coconut black headed caterpillar, rhinoceros beetle, red palm weevil, eriyophid mites.
6.Developed IDM technologies for the management of basal stem rot, stem bleeding, bud rot, tatipaka disease
7.Use of light trapes identified as an effective mechanical method for control of coconut slug caterpillar and mango fruit borer.
8.IDM technologies standardized for the control of bacterial blight of pomegranate.
9.IDM technologies including use of bioagents standardized to reduce disease incidence in Elephant Foot Yam.
10.New protocol for isolation of DNA of citrus yellow mosaic and citrus greening bacterium developed.
11.DAC–Elisa, DAS-Elisa and Dot blot Elisa techniques are developed for large scale indexing of bud wood.
12.Plant protection measures for the management of citrus diseases like bacterial canker of acid lime, leaf minor citrus and pre harvest stem end rot are standardized.
13.Plant protection measures for the management of pests and diseases chilli standardized.
d) Post Harvest Technology
1.Standardized a simple technique for preparation of coconut chips.
2.Technology developed for bioconversion of tender coconut waste and coconut coir pith in to high quality organic manure.
3.Polyhouse solar dryer was developed in collaboration with ITC for drying ripe chilli pods.
4.Standardized technology to store Banganpalli mangoes upto 35 days after harvest.
5.Irradiation doses standardized for improving self life of mango cv. Banganpalli, Suwarnarekha, Totapuri and Dashahari.